Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/page_header.php on line 145 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/page_header.php on line 145 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /hsphere/local/home/c267876/arabglobe.com/includes/functions.php on line 742  ArabGlobe.com :: Samen online Arabisch leren ::
  (  )
Home Mijn startpagina Mijn favoriet Contact Forum
Leer Arabisch
Multimedia
Downloads
Inloggen
Gebruikersnaam:

Paswoord:
Automatisch aanmelden?
» Paswoord vergeten
» Inschrijving
Zoeken
Uitgebreid zoeken
Focus
almu'min
almu'min
 99 Namen van Allah
 Hits: 58322
 Score: 1.00 / 1 Votes


Home / Leer Arabisch / De Basis / Les 1: Lidwoorden



Les 1: Lidwoorden

Les 1: Lidwoorden
In het Nederlands zijn er 3 lidwoorden, namelijk: de, het en een (bv. de boom, het woord, een boek). Het lidwoord "een" is onbepaald, d.w.z. wanneer men spreekt over "een boek", dan weet je niet over welk boek er gesproken wordt. Het is niet bepaald over welk boek er gesproken wordt (onbepaald). In het Arabisch bestaat er geen onbepaald lidwoord. Maar hoe herkennen we dan of woorden onbepaald zijn? Dat kun je herkennen aan de "tanwien" ( ـٌـ ) waar het woord op eindigt. Kijk naar deze voorbeelden:
كِـتَـابٌ kitaabun = een boek.
جَـبَـلٌ jabalun = een berg.

De lidwoorden "de" en "het" zijn bepaald. Stel we zeggen: "Het woord is fout". Dan weten we welk woord er fout is. Of: "De boom is mooi". Ook nu weten we over welke boom het gaat. Het is bepaald waar over gesproken wordt. In het Arabisch is er maar 1 bepaald lidwoord, namelijk: "al" ( اَلْـ ). Kijk naar deze voorbeelden:
اَلْـكِتَابُ alkitaabu = het boek.
اَلْـجَـبَلُ aljabalu = de berg.
اَلْـقَمَـرُ alQamaRu = de maan.
اَلشَّـمْـسُ ashshamsu = de zon.

Uit bovenstaande voorbeelden moeten je 3 dingen opgevallen zijn:
► wanneer een woord bepaald is, en dus geschreven wordt met ( اَلْـ ), dan eindigt het woord niet meer op een tanwien ( ـٌـ ) maar op een klinker ( ـُـ ).
► Sommige letters die na de ( اَلْـ ) komen, hebben geen "shaddah" ( ـّـ ) en sommige wel.
► Als de letter na de ( اَلْـ ) wel een shaddah heeft, dan valt de "sukoen" van de letter laam weg
en schrijf je ( اَلـ ). De letter laam wordt dan wel geschreven, maar niet uitgesproken.

Hoe weten we nu welke letters na de ( اَلْـ ) wel een shaddah krijgen en welke niet? De letters uit het Arabisch alfabet zijn daarom verdeelt in 2 groepen, namelijk:
de maanletters, ofwel "7uRoefu -lQamaRiyyah" ( حُـرُوفُ الْـقَمَرِيَّـةُ ):
ا ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م ه و ي

de zonletters, ofwel "7uRoefu -shshamsiyyah" ( حُـرُوفُ الـشَّـمْسِـيَّـةُ ):
ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن

Alle woorden die beginnen met een zonletter krijgen een shaddah als het woord in de bepaalde vorm met ( اَلْـ ) wordt geschreven.


Voorbeelden met maanletters:

Betekenis
(transcriptie)
Bepaald Betekenis
(transcriptie)
Onbepaald Maanletter
de leeuw
(al'asadu)
اَلأَسَـدُ een leeuw
(asadun)
أَسَـدٌ ا
de deur
(albaabu)
اَلْـبَـابُ een deur
(baabun)
بَـابٌ ب
de berg
(aljabalu)
اَلْـجَـبَـلُ een berg
(jabalun)
جَـبَـلٌ ج
de letter
(al7aRfu)
اَلْـحَـرْفُ een letter
(7aRfun)
حَـرْفٌ ح
de perzik
(alGHawGHu)
اَلْـخَـوْخُ een perzik
(GHawGHun)
خَـوْخٌ خ
de flat
(al3imaaRatu)
اَلْـعِمَارَةُ een flat
(3imaaRatun)
عِـمَـارَةٌ ع
het bos
(alRHaabatu)
اَلْـغَـابَةُ een bos
(RHaabatun)
غَـابَـةٌ غ
de mond
(alfamu)
اَلْـفَـمُ een mond
(famun)
فَـمٌ ف
de maan
(alQamaRu)
اَلْـقَـمَـرُ een maan
(QamaRun)
قَـمَـرٌ ق
het boek
(alkitaabu)
اَلْـكِتَـابُ een boek
(kitaabun)
كِـتَـابٌ ك
de school
(almadRasatu)
اَلْـمَـدْرَسَـةُ een school
(madRasatun)
مَـدْرَسَـةٌ م
de telefoon
(alhaatifu)
اَلْـهَـاتِـفُ een telefoon
(haatifun)
هَـاتِـفٌ ه
de jongen
(alwaladu)
اَلْـوَلَـدُ een jongen
(waladun)
وَلَـدٌ و
de hand
(alyadu)
اَلْـيَـدُ een hand
(yadun)
يَـدٌ ي


In bovenstaande tabel zie je in het eerste voorbeeld dat het woord اَلأَسَـدُ geschreven had moeten worden met een sukoen op de letter laam ( اَلْـ ). Maar omdat het schrijfprogramma dat momenteel niet kan, is dat niet gebeurd.




Voorbeelden met zonletters:

Betekenis
(transcriptie)
Bepaald Betekenis
(transcriptie)
Onbepaald Zonletter
de appel
(attuffaa7atu)
اَلـتُّـفَّـاحَـةُ een appel
(tuffaa7atun)
تُـفَّـاحَـةٌ ت
de vos
(aththa3labu)
اَلـثَّـعْـلَـبُ een vos
(tha3labun)
ثَـعْـلَـبٌ ث
de fiets
(addaRRaajatu)
اَلـدَّرَّاجَـةُ een fiets
(daRRaajatun)
دَرَّاجَـةٌ د
de vlieg
(adhdhubaabatu)
اَلـذُّبَـابَـةُ een vlieg
(dhubaabatun)
ذُبَـابَـةٌ ذ
de man
(aRRajulu)
اَلـرَّجُـلُ een man
(Rajulun)
رَجُـلٌ ر
de giraffe
(azzaRaafatu)
اَلـزَّرَافَـةُ een giraffe
(zaRaafatun)
زَرَافَـةٌ ز
het schoolbord
(assaboeRatu)
اَلـسَّـبُّـورَةُ een schoolbord
(saboeRatun)
سَـبُّـورَةٌ س
de zon
(ashshamsu)
اَلـشَّـمْـسُ een zon
(shamsun)
شَـمْـسٌ ش
de raket
(aSSaaRoeGHu)
اَلـصَّـارُوخُ een raket
(SaaRoeGHun)
صَـارُوخٌ ص
de gast
(aDDayfu)
اَلـضَّـيْـفُ een gast
(Dayfun)
ضَـيْـفٌ ض
de vliegtuig
(aTTaa'iRatu)
اَلـطَّـائِـرَةُ een vliegtuig
(Taa'iRatun)
طَـائِـرَةٌ ط
de schaduw
(aDHDHillu)
اَلـظِّـلُّ een schaduw
(DHillun)
ظِـلٌّ ظ
de tong
(allisaanu)
اَلـلِّـسَـانُ een tong
(lisaanun)
لِـسَـانٌ ل
de tijger
(annamiRu)
اَلـنَّـمِـرُ een tijger
(namiRun)
نَـمِـرٌ ن





Les 1: Lidwoorden









Les 1: Lidwoorden

Les 2: haadhaa




 De Basis
 Trefwoorden: 
 Reactie: 6
 Downloads: 250
 Hits: 147676
 Votes: 46
 Score: 3.75
Vote
         






Deel jouw reactie, vraag of opmerking met ons en met andere bezoekers.


Reactie:
heey
Lid

Lid sinds: 07.07.2008
Reactie: 1
moeilijk

het is best wel moeilijk
07.07.2008 21:26 Offline heey
lelbie
Lid

Lid sinds: 15.10.2008
Reactie: 1
ja

ja best wel he. weet je wat ik raar vind, ik hoor helemaal geen geluid bij ''leer het alphabet'' enzo, moet je er een programma voor hebben ofzoiets?..
15.10.2008 22:21 Offline lelbie
Iman
Lid

Lid sinds: 04.11.2008
Reactie: 1
Wel

Geluid kan je horen bij Flash. Daar hoor je het alfabet, letters met klanken, klinkers, woorden etc. Kijk ook bij audio.
04.11.2008 00:57 Offline Iman
David
Lid

Lid sinds: 31.07.2010
Reactie: 1
Arabische cursus

Ik ben heel blij deze site gevonden te hebben.
Nu weet ik eindelijk hoe het zit met de lidwoorden.
Ik hoop hier nog veel te kunnen leren.

Mijn dank aan de leraar is groot.
31.07.2010 19:02 Offline David
tabdarstje_
Lid

Lid sinds: 09.09.2010
Reactie: 1
echt moeilijk

ik heb besloten om arabisch te leren zodat ik de koran kan lezen maar nu dat ik eraan begonne ben is het echt moeilijk sommige letters herken ik gewoon niet als je het in een woord schrijft heeft iemand mischien handige tips voor mij???
09.09.2010 17:40 Offline tabdarstje_
DennisDee
Lid

Lid sinds: 12.07.2010
Reactie: 1
Het leren

Beste,
Ik ben student Arabisch , die helemaal geen voorkennis heeft met de Arabische taal, ik kan jullie verzekeren dat dit ingewikkelde boel is als je dit zo wilt leren, ik kan jullie aanraden leer eerst tegoei het alfabet in al zijn posities , begin korte woorden te lezen en te schrijven,het gebruik van de naamvallen is zeker niet het gemakkelijkste en met de lidwoorden.
( MAAR) waar een wil is , is uiteraard ook een weg.
Mvg
13.10.2010 10:34 Offline DennisDee



Populair